Warka Water l’acqua fuori della capanna


ITA  ‘Warka Water” è una struttura in bambù che produce acqua potabile. Il progetto e’ ideato per le regioni montuose in Etiopia dove donne e bambini devono camminare per ore, ogni giorno, per raccogliere dell’acqua non sicura. Per migliorare questa condizione drammatica, ‘Architecture and Vision’, ha sviluppato ‘WarkaWater’, nome ispirato ai ‘Warka’, giganteschi alberi etiopi in via di estinzione, tradizionalmente usati come luoghi di riunione. La struttura reticolare a maglia triangolare, di 9 m di altezza, ha un tessuto speciale appeso al suo interno in grado di raccogliere acqua potabile dall’aria, mediante condensazione. ‘WarkaWater’, presentato per la prima volta alla Biennale di Architettura di Venezia 2012, può essere facilmente realizzato dagli abitanti dei villaggi etiopi con materiali locali.

Warka Water
Warka Water

FRA  ‘WarkaWater’ est une structure en bambou produisant de l’eau potable. Le projet a été conçu pour les régions montagneuses d’Ethiopie où femmes et enfants doivent marcher au quotidien des heures pour récupérer de l’eau parfois contaminée. C’est pour améliorer ces conditions dramatiques qu’‘AV’ a développé ‘WarkaWater’. Ce nom est inspiré des ‘Warka’, arbres gigantesques d’Ethiopie en voie d’extinction, utilisés traditionnellement comme lieux de réunion. Un tissu particulier récupérant de l’eau potable par condensation est tendu à l’intérieur de la structure de 9 mètres de hauteur. Présenté pour la première fois à la biennale d’architecture de Venise de 2012, ‘WarkaWater’ peut être facilement construit à partir de matériaux locaux par les habitants de villages éthiopiens en utilisant.

‘مياة واركا’ هيكل مصنوع من الخيزران يقوم بإنتاج مياه صالحة للشرب. تم تصميم هذا المشروع خصيصًا للمناطق الجبلية في أثيوبيا، حيث يضطر النساء والأطفال للسير يوميًا لساعات من أجل الحصول على كميات من المياه والتي عادةً ما تكون غير آمنة. ولتحسين تلك الحالة المزرية، قام استديو ‘العمارة والرؤية’ بابتكار ‘مياه واركا’. وهذا الاسم مستوحى من أشجار ‘الواركا’ الأثيوبية العملاقة المهددة بالانقراض، والتي عادةً ما تستخدم بوصفها أماكن للالتقاء. ويوجد داخل الإطار المثلث الذي يبلغ ارتفاعه تسعة مترات أنسجة خاصة تقوم بتجميع مياه الشرب من الهواء عن طريق التكثيف. هذا ومن السهل على القرويين في أثيوبيا بنائه باستخدام المواد المحلية. لقد تم تقديم مشروع ‘مياة واركا’ خلال البينالي الـثالث عشر للعمارة في البندقية عام 2012

Warka Water
Warka Water

ENG  Collecting water from the sky to the ground, where people need it. In rural Ethiopia women and children walk several hours to collect water. Most people collect water from shallow, unprotected ponds which they share with animals and are subject to contamination.

‘WarkaWater’ is a 9 m tall bamboo framework with a special fabric hanging inside capable to collect potable water from the air by condensation. The lightweight structure is designed with parametric computing, but can be built with local skills and materials by the village inhabitants. The tower is assembled in sections and installed from top down. The structure


CHARACTERISTICS Background: Insufficient access to potable water for people in Ethiopia Objectives: Harvest water out of fog in mountainous regions. Concept: Tower with net, also serves as a social gathering point Transport: 2 donkeys Location: Ethiopia, Africa Assembly: 3 days, 6 people. Structure: Modular lattice framework Energy: Solar panel for illumination Materials: Bamboo or similar local material, rope, wire, PE-fabric Dimensions: dia 8 m, h 9 m Weight: 40 kg

CREDITS Concept: Architecture and Vision, Arturo Vittori & Andreas Vogler Project Assistants: Raffi Tchakerian, Tadesse Girmay. Textile Design: Precious Desperts Interaction Design: Massimiliano Caretti, Giuseppe Gennaro Communication: Gianni Massironi Public Relations: Daniela Saltarin Photos: Gabriele Rigon  Movie: Aldo Bianchi

SUPPORT Italian Cultural Institute, Addis Ababa ProHelvetia.Architecture and Vision. EiABC, Ethiopian Institute of Architecture, Addis Ababa. University IUAV University of Venice Italian National Research Council


can be lifted and fixed to the ground by 4 men, no scaffolding needed. The fabric can be lowered for maintenance. First prototypes have been built early this year in collaboration with the Ethiopian Institute of Architecture, Building Construction and City Development EiABC of the Addis Ababa University, and with IUAV University of Venice. ‘WarkaWater’ is on exhibition at Palazzo Bembo during the 13th International Architecture Biennale in Venice.

The material used for the structure is the locally sourced giunco, iron wire for the connections and polyethylene textile for the fog harvesting. The current programme is to build several towers in Ethiopia early 2013 with the involvement of local people and supporters. The name ‘WarkaWater’ comes from the Warka Tree, a giant wild fig tree native to Ethiopia, traditionally used for public gatherings and school education. The Warka Tree is an archetype of the Biennale theme ‘Common Ground’.

Architecture and Vision offers Elegant, Ecological and Economical solutions for contemporary issues. Architecture and Vision (AV) is an international and multidisciplinary team working in architecture and design, engaged in the development of innovative solutions and technology transfer between various fields for aerospace and terrestrial applications. Founded in 2003 by architects Arturo Vittori and Andreas Vogler, it is based in Bomarzo (Italy) and Munich (Germany). The company name ‘Architecture and Vision’ reflects the believe that architecture needs a vision of the future to produce a long lasting cultural contribution. This vision supports quality of life through a wise use of technologies and available resources, to create a harmonious integration of humans, technology and nature.

Be a part of this transformation!

WarkaWater2‘ is a 12m tall structure that produces potable water from the air. It is conceived for communities in rural areas in Ethiopia which lack access to safe drinking water. The name is inspired from the giant Ethiopian fig tree ‘Warka’ traditionally used for public gatherings. The tower weights around 90kg and consists of 5 modules which can be built and assembled by local villagers without the need of scaffolding or electrical equipments. The tower is estimated to collect up to 100 liters of drinking water a day through the special fabric hanging inside. ‘WarkaWater2’ expands the possibility to collect rainwater, dew and fog. The conic shape improves stability and optimizes packaging and transportation. The ‘crown’ is designed to keep the birds away.

Warka Water
Warka Water

per gentile concessione di: Architecture and Vision.   ©immagini Architecture and Vision